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Suicide Prevention and Depression Awareness

    Suicide Prevention and Depression Awareness


    Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death. Suicide is often carried out as a result of despair, the cause of which is frequently attributed to a mental disorder such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, alcoholism, or drug abuse, as well as stress factors such as EXAM STRESS, financial difficulties, troubles with interpersonal relationships, and bullying. Suicide prevention efforts include limiting access to method of suicide such as firearms and poisons, treating mental illness and drug misuse, and improving economic circumstances. The most commonly used method of suicide varies by country and is partly related to availability.

    Awareness, Identification and Counselling those who are suicidal/depressed helps to a large degree.

    Common methods include: hanging, pesticide poisoning, and firearms. Suicide resulted in 842,000 deaths in 2013. This is up from 712,000 deaths in 1990.This makes it the 10th leading cause of death worldwide. Rates of completed suicides are higher in men than in women, with males three to four times more likely to kill themselves than females. There are an estimated 10 to 20 million non-fatal attempted suicides every year. Non-fatal suicide attempts may lead to injury and long-term disabilities. Attempts are more common in young people and females.

Depression in children

    Depression is a condition beyond normal sadness that can significantly interfere with the child's ability to function.Depression affects about 2% of preschool and school-age children. Depression in children does not have one single cause but rather a number of biological, psychological, and environmental risk factors that contribute to its development. General symptoms of depression, regardless of age, include having a depressed or irritable mood for at least two weeks and having at least five clinical signs and symptoms. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in youth 10-24 years of age.In order to diagnose depression, a health-care professional will likely conduct or refer for an extensive medical interview and physical examination and ask standard mental-health questions.

    Treatment for childhood depression may include addressing any medical conditions that cause or worsen the condition. It can also include lifestyle adjustments, psychotherapy, and, for moderate to severe depression, medication. Interpersonal therapy (ITP) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are the major approaches commonly used to treat childhood depression. About 60% of children who take antidepressant medications get better. It may take anywhere from one to six weeks of taking medication at its effective dose to start feeling better. Childhood depression is a risk factor for developing a number of other mental-health symptoms and disorders. Depression is the leading cause of disability in the United States in people over 5 years of age.Attempts at prevention of childhood depression tend to address risk factors, strengthen protective factors, and use approaches that are appropriate for the child's developmental level. Family members and friends are advised to seek